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March 28th and 29th 2020: Combat Human Trafficking Challenge (Virtual)
TraCCC was thrilled to host its 2nd Hackathon to combat human trafficking with our partner Blue Compass. This year’s event focused on combatting child sexual exploitation and labor trafficking.
Human trafficking is a global enterprise that is second only to drug trafficking as the most profitable criminal business. It takes many forms, including labor trafficking and sex trafficking. Participants created a solution to help combat human trafficking or assist its victims, using artificial intelligence/machine learning, augmented reality, among other things.
In the absence of physical class time, this virtual hackathon offered students the chance to engage with relevant material and continue to build their skills in a virtual environment while networking with teams from across the country. To prepare hackers for the event, the beginning of the hackathon also included training andorientation sessions from many top professionals in the field.
To listen to a recording of one session on human trafficking please visit this link: https://bluecompass-udt.my.webex.com/recordingservice/sites/bluecompass-...
January 27th 2020: Understanding Crime Convergence to Better Target Natural Resource Corruption
TraCCC, as part of the Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium, was pleased to host a presentation by Gloria Freund “Understanding Crime Convergence to Better Target Natural Resource Corruption, followed by a panel discussion. This presentation was part of the World Bank ICCWC (The International Consortium on Combatting Wildlife Crime) Wildlife Forum.
Gloria Freund is the lead for Combatting Wildlife Trafficking at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, and she addressed three questions: (1) How ‘real’ and prevalent is the oft-heard convergence factor within the illicit ecosystem?; (2) How can we discern where convergence occurs to make more impactful decisions to address this pernicious, corrupting activity?; and (3) What can we gain by adopting a broader, commodity-agnostic aperture in addressing natural resource exploitation?
View the video here.
November 13th 2019: Sanctions and Illicit Flows
TraCCC presented a multi-organizational perspective on sanctions and why they are instituted, and how they are evaded. The diverse analytical presentations on the Middle East focused on the networks that are behind this deceptive behavior and the means used to counter this harmful activity.
Panelists described how the United States and other countries have used sanctions to prevent the proliferation of chemical weapons to Syria, deter the use of these weapons during that country's civil war, and hold perpetrators of chemical attacks accountable. Additionally, we discussed the means by which risk actors evade sanctions and how data can protect government and corporate entities from risk exposure related to sanctions evasions networks. Case studies explored the international network and continued activities of a Syrian company linked to chemical weapons procurement, illustrating the potential for continued illicit procurement and financing, as well as how the recent indictment of the Turkish Halk Bank by the US government for evasion of sanction sheds light on illicit movement of money.
View the flyer here
October 29, 2019: Deb LaPrevotte: Following the Money in Illicit Wildlife Trade
Traccc was pleased to host Deb LaPrevotte, senior investigator with the Sentry. LaPrevotte addressed illicit wildlife trade, and its intersection with corruption and other transnational crime.
October 9th 2019: Forest Legality Week: Timber Trade, Illicit Financial Flows, and Corruption
Traccc co-sponsored a side session focusing on natural resouce corruption (TNRC project) as part of WRI's Forest Legality Week. The panel was led by Traccc's Kasey Kinnard and included Camillo Pardo (Traccc), Bruce Zagaris, Susanne Breitkopf (Environmental Investigation Agency), and Mary Utermohlen (C4ADS).
October 7th 2019: How We Win: How Government Officials and Concerned Citizens Can Counter the Extremist Threat
The National Security Institute, (NSI) Center for Security Policy Studies (CSPS), and the Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC) hosted a conversation with NSI Advisory Board Member Farah Pandith on her newest book, “How We Win.” The book lays out a comprehensive strategy for entrepreneurs, government officials, and concern citizens on how to counter against violent extremism. Jamil N. Jaffer, NSI Founder and Executive Director, interviewed Ms. Pandith.
September 18th 2019: Trade Based Money Laundering Conference
TraCCC hosted a full day conference on the very serious problem of trade-based money laundering. Multiple panels with specialists from the financial community, government, ACAMS, think-tanks, NGOs and academics discussed this phenomenon which is still extensively used to move large amounts of illicit funds tied to corruption, illicit trade, transnational crime and terrorism. Much of the money movement of the Panama Papers and the Troika laundromat was tied to trade-based money laundering. This conference explored the complex ways in which this presently underregulated form of money laundering operates and discussed strategies to address it.
View a brief video here.
To view the flyer, please click here
To view additional photos, please click here.
June 12, 2019: The Illicit Economy in Turkey: How Criminals Terrorists, and the Syrian Conflict Fuel Underground Markets
TraCCC was honored to host Dr. Mahmut Cengiz for a discussion on his most recent book, The Illicit Economy: How Criminals, Terrorists, and the Syrian Conflict Fuel Underground Markets. This book offers a rare insight into the transnational expansion and various corners of the illicit economy in Turkey. Dr. Louise Shelley moderated.
JUNE 5TH 2019: BY INVITATION ONLY - SEA OF SHADOWS FILM
TraCCC, ESP, the ISE, and The Elephant Action League were honored to host a special screening of Sea of Shadows, a film focusing on wildlife trafficking and the intelligence and undercover operations applied to environmental protection.
For more information please view the flyer below
June 4th 2019: Russia's Crony Capitalism: The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy
TraCCC was honored to host Author Anders Aslund for a discussion with Dr. Louise Shelley focused on his new book. He discussed how the economic system Vladimir Putin has developed in Russia works to consolidate control over the country.
May 23rd 2019: Fuller Seminar on Illicit Trade and Sustainability
TraCCC was honored that our director, Dr. Louise Shelley, was featured at the prestigious Fuller Seminar Series, May 23rd. She discussed illicit trade and evirnomental issues.
April 23, 2019: Research Findings: Illicit Hubs, Tobacco Trade, and Convergence with Illicit Commodities
TraCCC hosted a seminar discussing the results and implications of our research findings on illicit and counterfeit tobacco flows into key hubs in Europe: France and Southern Italy. Analysis focused on conditions facilitating supply and routes from North Africa and Ukraine. The convergence of this trade with other forms of smuggling were also addressed. Based on extensive field work and legal case analysis, the researchers revealed the dynamics of this trade and its convergence with other forms of illicit trade.
This seminar featured these experts:
- Xavier Raufer, Research Director, CNAM - Paris, Criminology Master & Research Center
- Simona Melorio, Researcher at University of Molise and at Res Incorrupta Center - Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples
- Yulia Krylova, Post-doctoral Researcher at the Terrorism, Transnational Crime, and Corruption Center (TraCCC) at George Mason University
- Louise Shelley, Hirst Chair and Director of TraCCC (moderator)
April 3, 2019: Big Data Utilization in Countering Transnational Organized Crime Featuring Alan Bersin
TraCCC was honored to host Alan Bersin, renowned authority on transnational crime and international relations. Mr. Bersin discussed the utilization of big data and contemporary analytics to counter transnational criminal activity. He explored the application of data fusion and machine learning technology to targeting and screening models geared to identify shipments in Dark Commerce. Bersin placed these developments in the context of risk management approaches implemented after 9/11.
View the flyer here.
March 25, 2019: NSF – GMU Conference on Disrupting Operations of Illicit Supply Networks
TraCCC co-sponsored the GMU-NSF Conference: Engineering Approach for Disrupting Operations of Illicit Supply Networks The conference invited the grant awardees of the recent NSF EAGER program as well as selected researchers, NSF program directors, and representatives from federal agencies, international organizations, industry, and think-tanks who work in the area of illicit trade networks. Dr. Louise Shelley, along with key TraCCC personnel Naoru Koizumi (event organizer), Alonso Aguirre, Maurice Kugler and Guadalupe Correa-Cabrera spoke at the NSF – GMU Conference.
January 28, 2019: Dark Commerce: A Book Discussion with Dr. Louise Shelley
We were proud to host a discussion on the newly released book “Dark Commerce: How a New Illicit Economy Is Threatening Our Future.” Dr. Louise Shelley, the book’s author and director of the Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, discussed her work and shared information on this important topic. Furthermore, Alan Bersin, the former Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, served as a moderator.
View the flyer here.
November 28, 2018 The Abuse and Exploitation of Red Notices, Interpol and the U.S. Judicial Process by Russia and other Authoritarian States
TraCCC and the Antonin Scalia Law School’s National Security Institute (NSI) hosted a conference that focused on how the asylum and judicial process in the United States is being undermined and why. A very special group of speakers provided domestic and international perspectives on the problems that exist and offered thoughts on policies that can help mitigate risks.
View the conference report here
View video of the event here
(links to a playlist).
November 15, 2018 Examining the Links between Terrorist Financing and Antiquities Trafficking; Research Findings from the CLASI Project (Countering Looting of Antiquities from Syria and Iraq)
TraCCC hosted a panel discussion of research findings, by some of the archeologists, terror finance specialists, and other practitioners who worked on our U.S. State Department-funded CLASI project.
View the flyer here.
August 1: Corruption and the Russian Economy: A Book Discussion with Yulia Krylova
TraCCC hosted a discussion of corruption in Russia and its effect on the country’s economy. The books author, Yulia Krylova was present to discuss her findings. Additionally, Dr. Louise Shelley contributed to the discussion of the topic. View the flyer here.
May 31: The Trade: Episode 3
TraCCC hosted a screening of Episode 3 from the new Showtime Documentary Series, “The Trade”. Following the screening, there was a panel discussion and Q&A with Dr. Louise Shelley of TraCCC and Eric Olsen, Deputy Director of the Latin American Program and Senior Advisor to the Mexico Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, on transnational crime and its role in the opioid crisis. View the flyer here.
April 14 – 15: Human Trafficking Hackathon
TraCCCC hosted our first-ever overnight Hackathon from April 14th to April 15th, 2018 on the subject of Human Trafficking. We brought together subject matter and technology experts to work in teams to develop innovative technological solutions to the problems that face law enforcement, advocates, and service providers as they combat human trafficking and help the survivors.
March 23: Money Laundering in Real Estate: How is it done? How can we stop it?
TraCCC in association with sponsors, hosted an all-day conference bringing together representatives of government, law enforcement, financial institutions, academia and the real estate sector to better understand the impact of MLRE and how best to identify and counter it.
To download a list of reading materials and associated links for the Money Laundering and Real Estate Conference, please click here.
February 6: Lines, Flows, and Transnational Crime: Toward a Revised Approach to Countering the Underworld of Globalization
TraCCC welcomed Alan Bersin, a renowned authority on transnational crime and international relations. His presentation proposed a new framework for combating transnational criminal activity. Mr. Bersin argues that Global illicit flows perpetrated by organized crime, in the interstices of lawful trade and travel, represent the principal security threat in today’s world, and that the Westphalian system of nation-states is ill equipped to confront it. Click here to watch the lecture.
November 15 Kleptocratic Regimes and National Security: A Pervasive Threat and How It Can be Neutralized – Co-Sponsored with Hudson Institute
TraCCC and Dr. Louise Shelley joined a panel of experts to examine how to address the security threats posed by kleptocratic regimes. Videos of speakers are available HERE.
On November 15, 2017 TraCCC co-sponsored a conference at the Hudson Institute on “Kleptocratic Regimes and National Security: A Pervasive Threat and How It Can be Neutralized.”
It had two objectives:
- To identify and raise awareness about the vast array of threats that are caused or exacerbated by kleptocracies. These include great power competitors, nuclear aspirants, terrorism, organized crime, state failure, genocide, and obstruction of peace and stability operations.
- To propose and obtain feedback on recommendations for responding to this threat.
The following recommendations were addressed:
- Tailor assessment and planning to the threat from kleptocratic regimes
- Sever the flow of illicit revenue, the center of gravity for kleptocratic regimes, by:
- Passing beneficial ownership legislation
- Using data science to combat kleptocracy’s threat to national security
- Creating a database on the financial transactions of Politically Exposed Persons and a mechanism for the USG to share information about them with financial institutions
- Using the Global Magnitsky Act and other precision-guided policy tools to sever the flow of illicit revenue to kleptocrats who threaten our national security
- Use hybrid justice institutions to combat impunity by kleptocrats
- Make accountability a priority equal to capacity building in the security sector
Click here to read the full report.
November 7 – Antiquities Trafficking: Why Should We Care? How Can We Counter It? Is It Funding Terrorism?
A panel discussion and chance to meet some of the amazing team of archeologists, terror finance specialists and other practitioners we will be working with on our new U.S. State Department-funded CLASI project.
- Patty Gerstenblith, Distinguished Research Professor, DePaul University College of Law
- COL Chris Herndon, US Army (Ret.), Senior Research Fellow, College of International Security Affairs
- Ira Spar, Professor of Ancient Studies at Ramapo College of New Jersey
- Ute Wartenberg Kagan, Executive Director, American Numismatic Society
View flyer here.
Oct. 18 – The Illicit Business behind the Opioid Epidemic: What Can We Do About It?
A full day conference sponsored by Schar School’s Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC). Speakers discussed:
- Illicit actors and their business models
- New technologies: They fuel the epidemic but can be the key to taming it
- Policy gaps: What can law enforcement and government agencies do better?
View the flyer here
Sept. 25 – Film Screening: American Exploitation: The Slaves among Us
TraCCC hosted the first ever screening of the new documentary, American Exploitation: The Slaves among Us, which focuses on the complex, subversive nature of sex trafficking and the efforts of social advocates, law enforcement agencies, state legislators, and victims-turned-heroes to effectively eradicate the volatile system from the idyllic area of southwest Florida and create lasting change in the world.
The film was followed by a panel discussion with the film producer, John Carter, and director, Ben Brothers.
Visit the film website HERE. View event flyer here.
Sept. 25 – Brazil: A Land Free of Organized Economic-financial Crime? with Judge Fausto Martin de Sanctis
TraCCC hosted Judge Fausto Martin de Sanctis, one of Brazil’s most renowned judges for his fight against organized crime, corruption, tax evasion and money laundering. See flyer here.
Sept. 11 – Remembering 9/11: The Financing of the 9/11 Attacks
On September 11, TraCCC hosted a panel presentation on the illicit finance of the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, with financial investigation and anti-money laundering experts who took part in the post 9/11 investigations.
- John Roth – Senior Counsel & Team Leader, 9/11 Commission
- Dennis Lormel – Former Chief, Financial Crimes Section of FBI Criminal Division on 9/11
- John Byrne – Executive Vice-President, Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists
See event flyer here.
Sept. 14 – NATO’s Building Integrity Programme with Susan Pond
TraCCC was honored to host Susan Pond, director of NATO’s Building Integrity Programme (BI) to discuss the BI Program which aims to understand corruption as a security risk and the impact on defense and security, and provides advice and support to NATO members and partners. See event flyer here.
May 10 – Unmasked: Corruption in the West with Laurence Cockcroft
Laurence Cockcroft to discussed his newest book which describes the more subtle forms of corruption which warp institutions in Europe and the US and currently fire the populism which has surfaced in both contexts impeding the ability of the west to assist in combating corruption in the developing world.
Unmasked: Corruption in the West with Laurence Cockcroft from Mason Schar School on Vimeo.
April 3 – Film Screening – Wildlife Crime Film Series Screening: The Ivory Game
In this Netflix Original documentary, filmmakers follow the ivory trade from the savannahs of Africa to the markets of Asia to expose the networks and corruption that are pushing the world’s largest land animal toward extinction. The film was followed by a panel discussion with Andrea Crosta, Executive Director of Elephant Action League, who is featured in the film, and Louise Shelley and Kasey Kinnard of TraCCC.
March 8 – Film Screening – The Poachers Pipeline:Dealers, Diplomats, and the Illegal Horn Trade
Film producer Kevin Hirten joined TraCCC for screening of this documentary film that goes underground to follow the illegal rhino trade from South Africa to Asia, exploring connections between high government officials, foreign diplomats and the organized crime networks that feed off of our global trade infrastructure. The film was followed by Q&A with Kevin Hirten of Al Jazeera, and Judy Deane and Kasey Kinnard of TraCCC.
February 16 – Threat Finance via Non-Traditional Revenue Streams: Diamonds, Tobacco, Counterfeits, & TBML
TraCCC convened a panel to discuss typically overlooked revenue streams of threat finance. Presenters shed light on nefarious actors’ involvement in various forms of illicit trade and natural resource exploitation to fund their activities. View event flyer HERE
- Mr. Chris Martin – Counsellor, U.K.’s Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs
- Ms. Valerie Silensky – Senior Expert, AML/CFT Unit, U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
- Ms. Elizabeth Orlando – Economic and Commercial Affairs Officer, U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs
- Mr. Dennis Lormel – President & CEO, DML Associates, LLC
- Dr. Sharon Melzer – Senior Fellow, TraCCC
February 3 – Governance in the Global Narcotics Trade
TraCCC co-hosted with the Center for Global Studies a full day conference on the governance of the narcotics trade. Patterns and processes through which the narcotics trade is governed in different locales and the implications this has for social and political systems were discussed. Discussions focused on this process from a global and local perspective including analysis of case studies in Brazil, the United States, Colombia, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. View event flyer HERE
December 9, 2016: Countering Wildlife Trafficking: Hot Spots, Congressional Action, and the Impact of CoP17, Featuring Worku Gachou
U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Matt Steed – U.S. State Department, Bryan Landry – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and Jessican Hansen – C4ADS
Worku Gachou discussed the history, motivation, and intent of the END Wildlife Trafficking Act which was recently passed. Matt Steed discussed State Department plans for implementation of the Act. Bryan Landry discussed the global work of USFWS to combat wildlife trafficking, and the impacts of the September CITES meeting in South Africa. Jessica Hansen discussed the work of C4ADS to use innovative technology and network analysis to combat wildlife trafficking and the hot spots and emerging trends they see. View flyer
May 11, 2016: The Panama Papers Panel:Tax Havens – Who, Why, & Impacts, Featuring: Marina Walker Guevara
Manager, Panama Papers Investigation and Juan Ricardo Ortega – Former Commissioner, Tax & Customs (Colombia)
Marina Walker Guevara discussed how the Panama Papers investigation came to be, how it was conducted, and how the information has been analysed and shared.
Juan Ricardo Ortega discussed how the use of tax havens and shell companies allows for the presence of trade based money laundering around the world and in Latin America. View flyer
April 5: The Dark Web and Human Trafficking featuring David Bringle
Mr. Bringle led a presentation on the role of the dark web in human trafficking and new technological methods for finding and combatting it. Discussion was based on his work with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). He discussed the dark web, challenges for conducting research in that space, and cutting edge efforts to make the dark web more transparent to law enforcement working to combat human trafficking. View flyer
February 25, 2016 Nuclear Smuggling, Featuring: Orde Kittrie, J.D. & Louise Shelley, PhD.
Orde Kittrie and Louise Shelley discussed the findings and conclusions of their research, funded by the MacArthur Foundation, on the trade and smuggling of nuclear materials and the challenge of combating it. View the event flyer
January 21, 2016 – Campbell Fraser, PhD. – Human Organ Trafficking: Understanding the Changing Role of Social Media and Dark Web Technologies 2010-2015
Dr. Fraser discussed regular travels to investigate organ trafficking, including covert work with authorities in 21 “selling” and 24 “buying” countries. View event flyer.
15 October 2015: Curtailing Corruption: People Power for Accountability & Justice
Shaazka Beyerle discussed her book, Curtailing Corruption: People Power for Accountability and Justice, that examines how citizens – organized in nonviolent campaigns, social movements, and community initiatives – play a vital role in impacting corruption. Note that the events discussed are fluid and ongoing. At the time of posting, road building in the Khimki Forest has moved forward, against the wishes of protesters. Learn more about the book and speaker here. View the event flyer.
4 May 2015 Mark Pyman, Programme Director, Transparency International
Discussion of Transparency International work in the defense and security spheres, and current challenges. View event flyer.
27 April, 2015 Panel Presentation: Human Trafficking in Northern Virginia with Special Guest: U.S. Representative Barbara Comstock
- U.S. Representative Barbara Comstock, Virginia 10th Congressional District
- Delegate Tim Hugo, Majority Caucus Chairman
- Detective William Woolf, Fairfax County Police Department Human Trafficking Unit
- Beth Saunders, Business Sector Chair, Just Ask Prevention Project
- Deepa Patel, Coordinator, Sex Offender Program; Director, Gang Intervention and Sexual Exploitation Programs, Multicultural Clinical Center
- John Cook, Braddock District Supervisor
View the event here. The event gets underway at the 7 minute mark. View event flyer.
16 March 2015 Combating Criminalized Power Structures: Predominant Spoilers of Peace Missions
George Mason Univerisity’s Peace Operations Policy Program and TraCCC co-sponsored a full day’s discussion, with members of the UN High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations, of recommendations for combating criminalized power structures–the leading spoilers of peace and stability operations. This will be based on conclusions from the new book, “Overlooked Enemies of Peace: Subduing Criminalized Power Structures”
- Desmond Arias, Director, George Mason University Peace Operations Policy Program
- Stefan Feller, Senior Police Advisor, UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations
- David Beer, former Police Commissioner from the UN mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
- Ameerah Haq and Andy Hughes, Vice Chair and member of the UN High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (closing remarks)
Watch selected speakers here. View event flyer.
3 March 2015: The Impact of Organized Crime on Governance, Development, and Fragility in Africa
TraCCC welcomed the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, in Washington for its 2015 advisory board meeting. The speakers, top specialists on Africa’s organized crime and the crime-terror relationship, highlighted the need to reconceptualize organized crime as an evolving threat to development, and addressed the complexities of transnational crime in all regions of sub-Saharan Africa.
The panel featured experts from throughout Africa:
- Mark Shaw, Director of the Global Initiative
- Camino Kavanagh, Independent Expert
- Peter Gastrow, Senior Advisor, Global Initiative
- Tuesday Reitano, Head of Secretariat, Global Initiative
Learn about the Global Initiative at their website. View event flyer.
22 January 2015: Human Trafficking Panel Presentation: The Situation in Northern Virginia and The Way Forward
TraCCC commemorated Human Trafficking Awareness Month with a panel presentation featuring experts from multiple industries. Speakers presented the current situation in the Northern Virginia region, and what can be done to address it.
The panel featured experts from multiple industries:
- Kristen Fitzsimmons, Executive Director, Just Ask Prevention Project
- Bill Woolf, Detective, Fairfax County Police Department, Human Trafficking Unit
- Steve Steinberg, President, MEI Hotels
- Nes Parker, Manager, Monitor Deloitte
- Sandy Saunders, Co-Managing Shareholder DC at Greenberg and Traurig, LLP. (moderator)
Watch this lively presentation and the following discussion. View event flyer.
November 6, 2014: Organized Crime and Corruption in Central America
TraCCC, in conjunction with GMU Latin American Studies, hosted Dr. Claudia Paz y Paz and a discussion of organized crime and corruption in Central America. View event flyer.
Claudia Paz from MasonSPGIA on Vimeo.
October 22, 2014: Dirty Entanglements Book Launch at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
TraCCC director, Dr. Louise Shelley, spoke at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Dr. Shelley discussed her book, Dirty Entanglements, Corruption, Crime and Terrorism.
Moisés Naím acted as moderator, and Milan Vaishnev acted as discussant for this exciting talk. Video of this presentation is available here.
September 15, 2014: Dirty Entanglements: Crime, Corruption, and Terrorism
TraCCC hosted a talk by its director, Dr. Louise Shelley, who discussed her newly-published book, Dirty Entanglements: Corruption, Crime and Terrorism (Cambridge University Press 2014). View event flyer.
TRACCC presents discussion of Dirty Entanglements from MasonSPGIA on Vimeo.
July 18, 2014: Disengaging from Terrorism: Lessons from the Turkish Penitents
TraCCC hosted Dr. Kamil Yilmaz, who discussed his recently published book in the TraCCC book series, Disengaging from Terrorism: Lessons from the Turkish Penitents (Routledge, 2014). View event flyer.
May 2, 2014: The Role of Corruption in Recent Events in Ukraine
TraCCC hosted a talk on The Role of Corruption in Recent Events in Ukraine by Visiting Fulbright Scholar Dr. Olena Shostko. View event flyer.
18 April, 2014: Sex+Money: A National Search for Human Worth Screening
TraCCC co-hosted a film showing and lecture on human trafficking, presented by Love146 in association with Courtney’s House.
Sex+Money: A National Search for Human Worth is a documentary about domestic minor sex trafficking and the modern-day abolitionist movement fighting to stop it. The film will be followed by a guest talk by Tina Frundt, Executive Director and Founder of Courtney’s House, a survivor-run organization which, like Love146, provides a loving environment for girls and boys who are survivors of sex trafficking within the United States. View event flyer.
4 February, 2014: The Illicit trade in Wildlife
Richard Ruggiero (US Fish and Wildlife Service) spoke on ivory and gold in Minkebe (Gabon), Kelvin Alie (International Fund for Animal Welfare) described how NGOs are helping to fight wildlife crime, and Gretchen Peters (TraCCC) spoke of strategies and challenges for investigating illicit networks. View event flyer.
(Left to right) Louise Shelley, Gretchen Peters, Kelvin Alie and Richard Ruggiero
15 November, 2013: George Mason University’s School of Public Policy hosted a discussion called Pay Attention to the South Caucasus. Ambassadors (ret.) Richard Kauzlarich and Kenneth Yalowitz, together with Ambassador (ret.) John Evans, met at Mason to discuss how developments in the region and globally have affected these three countries.
(Left to right) Ambassadors (ret.) Kenneth Yalowitz, John Evans & Richard Kauzlarich
14 November, 2013
TraCCC affiliate scholar Professor Desmond Arias gave a guest lecture entitled Armed Actors and Governance in Latin America and The Caribbean.
8 November, 2013
TraCCC hosted a guest lecture and book launch event to celebrate the publication of Environmental Crime and Corruption in Russia: Federal and Regional Perspectives with Routledge. Editors Sally Stoecker and Ramziya Shakirova discussed this new collection of TraCCC-sponsored research, which deals with such issues as radioactive pollutants, illegal logging, wildlife poaching and toxic waste, as well as the roles of organized crime groups and the Russian government in environmental devastation.
(Left to right) Ramziya Shakirova, Louise Shelley & Sally Stoecker
11 October, 2013
Professor Rasma Karklina visited the center, and gave a talk entitled Does Anticorruption Work? Latvia’s Experience. Professor Karklina currently works in Latvia, where she is a member of parliament and its sub-committee on anticorruption issues. She is also former chair of political science at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
14 June, 2013
TraCCC affiliate scholar Dr. Veerendra Mishra presented a showing of Do I have a Choice? A Saga of Socially Sanctioned Sexual Servitude, his short documentary film about the ‘Bedia’ community in India, where prostitution is an accepted practice in the midst of conservative Indian society. Following the film, Dr. Mishra took questions from the audience. An interview with Dr. Mishra will be published in our monthly publication, INSIDE TraCCC (subscribe here), and the full film will be available for streaming on TraCCC’s website in Fall 2013. 17 May, 2013: TraCCC invited Dr. Richard Medina to give a guest lecture on The Geography of Terrorism. Dr. Medina discussed several themes from the new book The Geography of International Terrorism: An Introduction to Spaces and Places of Violent Non-State Groups (CRC Press, 2013), of which he is co-author (with George F. Hepner).
30 April, 2013
TraCCC hosted a Panel on Illicit Networks and National Security to mark the publication of Convergence: Illicit Networks and National Security in the Age of Globalization, by the National Defense University Press. Attendees received a copy of this important new book, which discusses the challenge of converging and connecting illicit networks; how the proliferation, convergence, and horizontal diversification of illicit networks challenge state sovereignty; and how different national and international organizations are fighting back. The entire book can be downloaded at this link.
Panel on Illitict Networks and National Security
TraCCC Director Dr. Louise Shelley moderated the esteemed panel, whose discussants were: Michael Miklaucic, Director of Research, Information, and Publications in the Center for Complex Operations (CCO) at the National Defense University; Douglas Farah, President of IBI Consultants and a Senior Fellow at the International Assessment and Strategy Center; Danielle Camner Lindholm, a Technical Director in the BAE Systems Intelligence and Security Sector; and David M. Luna, Director of Anti-Crime Programs at the Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. Greg Gatjanis of the U.S. Department of the Treasury attended as a guest moderator and discussant. 19 April, 2013: A panel of experts from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), the Homeland Security Study and Analysis Institute, and the International Assessment and Strategy Center presented the summary findings of a soon-to-be-published open source article, focusing on human smuggling activities along the Southwest U.S. Border from 2008-2011. 12 April, 2013: Matthew Levitt discussed his forthcoming book, Hezbollah, The Global Footprint of Lebanon’s Party of God, which is the first thorough examination of Hezbollah’s covert activities beyond Lebanon’s borders, including its financial and logistical support networks, and its criminal and terrorist operations worldwide. 19 March, 2013: TraCCC hosted a talk by Professor Gabriella Sanchez entitled Violence as an Element of Irregular BorderCrossings: Human Smuggling Operations in the US Southwest. 4 March, 2013: Dr. Louise Shelley hosted a guest panel on the Illicit Trade in Wildlife, as a special meeting of her class on Illicit Trade. The panel addressed problems of the illegal trade in animals, tiger poaching, globalization, and disease control. Her distinguished visitors came from the Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation: Jennifer Sevin, Mahendra Shrestha, and A. Alonso Aguirre.
Jennifer Sevin gives an overview of the illegal trade in wild animals, and what the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute is doing to combat it
Mahendra Shrestha and Jennifer Sevin take questions about the poaching of tigers and other critically endangered species
1st March, 2013
TraCCC presented a talk by Professor Celina Realuyo, Assistant Professor of National Security at the National Defense University. Professor Realuyo’s talk, Following the Money to Combat Terrorism and Crime, examined the way in which globalization has facilitated the convergence of illicit networks, including those of terrorist groups. She presented an overview of money laundering techniques, new trends in terrorist financing, and measures employed by the U.S. to detect, dismantle and deter terrorist financing networks. She emphasized the need to foster collaboration between those in law enforcement, intelligence agencies and the military at the national, regional and international levels, as well as between the civic, public and private sectors. Professor Realuyo has kindly provided a pdf of her presentation for interested parties. Event Flyer
Professor A. Alonso Aguirre discusses the influence of biodiversity on the emergence and proliferation of human diseases
25 January, 2013
TraCCC hosted a talk by Dr. Adam Lankford, assistant professor of criminal justice at The University of Alabama, on the mindset of suicide terrorists and rampage shooters. Professor Lankford argued that many of these individuals are “suicidal, in the clinical sense”, and that their desire to die may be independent of their beliefs in a given cause. He presented evidence from his recent book, The Myth of Martyrdom: What Really Drives Suicide Bombers, Rampage Shooters, and Other Self-Destructive Killers, that these individuals have a desire to kill and be killed (thereby attaining fame and glory), as well as a profound sense of victimization, often exacerbated by mental health problems. Event Flyer
Celina Realuyo shows how globalization has fostered the convergence of organized crime and terrorism
13 December 2012
TraCCC hosted David M. Cattler, director of the Defense Combating Terrorism Center (DCTC) at the Defense Intelligence Agency. Mr. Cattler gave a talk entitled The Nexus of Crime and Terrorism: New Security Challenges in the 21st Century. Event Flyer
17 October 2012
TraCCC’s own Ambassador (ret.) Richard Kauzlarich and Ambassador (ret.) Kenneth S. Yalowitz hosted the talk, “Reality Diplomacy: How Ambassadors Deal with Crime and Corruption Abroad”. Event Flyer
4 October 2012
TraCCC hosted Jeanine Zeitvogel from Casals & Associates, to Present on “Anti-Corruption Technical Assistance: A Growth Industry for Better or Worse”. Event Flyer, Presentation
21 September 2012
TraCCC hosted Jim Wickens, Pioneering Environmental Journalist from the Ecologist Film Unit to discuss his groundbreaking undercover documentaries on environmental crime. Event Flyer
12 September 2012
TraCCC hosted Award Winning Journalist, Gretchen Peters, to discuss her recently released study, The Haqqani Financing Network: The Evolution of an Industry. Event Flyer
17 April 2012
TraCCC and the Washington Area Chapter of the Internet Society co-hosted a roundtable discussion on “Transparency vs. Corruption: The Internet as a Disinfectant.”
12 April 2012
TraCCC with Anka Rising and Virginia-Stop Modern Slavery hosted a panel discussion on “Corporate and Social Responsibility and Modern-Day Slavery.”
8 April 2012
TraCCC hosted Muhiddin Tojiev and Sharofiddin Soliev to present on “Corruption in Tajikistan: Causes and Consequences.” Event Flyer, Panelist Biographies, PowerPoint Presentation.
21 February 2012
TraCCC hosted Dr. Aleksandr Zelitchenko, Director of the Central Asian Drug Policy Center and Coordinator of the EU Central Asian Drug Action Program in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. He presented on “Current Drug Trends in Central Asia.” Flyer, Presentation, Article: Blaming the Third Force, the role of the narcotics trade in the Osh tragedy(English, Russian)
20 January 2012
TraCCC hosted Major General Muniruzzanam (ret.) of the Bangladesh Institute of Peace and Security Studies to discuss “The Security Dimensions of Climate Change.” Flyer, Presentation, National Security and Climate Change Video via LinkTv.
7 October 2011
TraCCC hosted Fashihuddin, Founder for the Pakistan Society for Criminology and Chief-in-Editor of the Pakistan Journal of Criminology. He is a senior officer of the Police Service of Pakistan (PSP), the author of Expanding Criminology to Pakistan, and holds a MBBS, LLB and MA in Political Science. Currently, he is the Director General of Human Rights in the Central Police Office of the KPK Province in Pakistan. He has served in many positions with various law-enforcement agencies including the Frontier Constabulary, the Intelligence Bureau, and the Federal Investigation Agency. Event Flyer, Presentation
25 April 2011
TraCCC hosted Grant Newsham, an executive director for corporate security at a prominent Western financial services firm in Japan, to discuss, “Yakuza Influence on the Japanese Financial Sector: Security and Solvency in Japan.” Event Flyer
19 April 2011
TraCCC hosted a panel of Visting Scholars from the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies at the Brookings Institute to discuss, “Asian Perspectives on Transnational Crime and Human Trafficking.” Event Flyer, Panelist Bios, Ho-Jin Lee Bio, Event Write Up
18 April 2011
Dr.Louise Shelley was a guest panelist at the Kennan Institute for a talk entitled, “Unique Aspects of Human Trafficking in Eurasia.” The talk discussed the business model of human trafficking from the former Soviet Union. This model, which Shelley terms “the natural resource model,” shares many characteristics of Russian trade in other areas and will be compared with trafficking from other regions of the world. IT also discussed recent developments in all forms of human trafficking from and within the former USSR. Further Information about this Event
8 March 2011
TraCCC hosted Professors Alain Bauer and Xavier Raufer, two French Government advisors on crime and terrorism in the conference entitled, “Security Threats: A French Perspective and Response.” They discussed France’s views on current security challenges and the recent government reorganization to address these challenges. Their understanding of France’s long involvement with the Arab world and with Africa provided a unique perspective on international security. Event Program, Panelist Bios, Relevant Publications, Event Write Up
28 February 2011
TraCCC announced the latest edition to the Routledge Book Series. The book entitled, Human Security, Transnational Crime, and Human Trafficking: Asian and Western Perspectice, contrasts the experience and perception of transnational crime and human trafficking in Asia with that in the West. Event Program, Purchase this Book, Photos from Book Event
22 February 2011
TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “The Nature, State and Capacity to Address Illicit Trade in Tajikistan and its Effect on (In)Security in Central Asia.” The two panels discussed Actors and the Stage: The State of Tajikistan Today and Terror and Crime: A Nexus or Just Convergences of Opportunity?. Further information: Event Program, Panelist Biographies, Relevant Publications, Panel Photo, Conference Write Up
31 January 2011
Dr. Louise Shelley was a guest on the Radio Show, Sins of Omission, to discuss her book, “Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective. The link to the show can be found here. January 28th-TraCCC hosted Alexandre Kukhianidze, the Director of of the Terrorism, Transnational Crime, and Corruption Center’s (TraCCC) Caucasus Office, for a rountable discussion on “Combating Corruption in Georgia: Reforms without Democratization?” He writes extensively on corruption, organized crime, smuggling, security issues, and Georgia-Russia relations. Previously, he was a Fulbright scholar at Mount Holyoke College and Johns Hopkins University, Deputy Chief of Party of USAID’s Local Government Reform Initiative, and Chief Editor of the academic journal ‘Caucasian Regional Studies.’ He is currently a visiting research fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and is working on problems of civil security and defense in Georgia and the Caucasus. A write up of the event can be found here.
TraCCC hosted Ikhram Seghal, a distinguished Pakistani Defense Analyst. Ikram Sehgal, runs the largest security firm in Pakistan, Pathfinder G4S. He writes widely on crime, terrorism and corruption and has hosted a weekly television in Pakistan. He is a syndicated columnist and Chief Editor of the Defense Journal. Trained at the Pakistan Military Academy, he serves on the boards of many international organizations. He is presently on the Global Advisory Council on Terrorism of the World Economic Forum. On August 25, 2011, Seghal wrote an article entitled “Socio-political factors and National Security.”
Louise Shelley had an event for her book, “Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective.” Her book examines all forms of human trafficking globally, it demonstrates that there is more than one business model of human trafficking and that there are enormous variations in human trafficking in different regions of the world. Drawing on a wide body of research conducted by the author over the last sixteen years in Asia, Latin America, Africa, Europe, and the former socialist countries – Louise Shelley concludes that human trafficking will grow in the twenty-first century as a result of economic and demographic inequalities in the world, the rise of conflicts, and possibly global climate change. Coordinated efforts of government, civil society, the business community, multilateral organizations, and the media are needed to stem its growth.
TraCCC in coordination with DC Stop Modern Slavery hosted film director, Guy Jacobson, to discuss and show his documentary, “REDLIGHT.” UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Lucy Liu produced and narrated REDLIGHT, an inspiring and powerful feature documentary about child sexploitation. Filmed over a four year period, REDLIGHT focuses on the personal stories of the victims and two remarkable advocates for change: grass-roots activist Somaly Mam and politician Mu Sochua. To view the trailer, please visit www.redlightthemovie.com. October 19th- TraCCC hosted a panel discussion for a Ukrainian Open World Delegation entitled, “Providing Assistance to Victims of Child Exploitation in Ukraine.” October 12th- TraCCC in coordination with the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University hosted Guest Speaker, Thomas da Waal, to speak about his book “The Caucasus: An Introduction.” Thomas de Waal is a writer and analyst on the Caucasus, Russia and the Black Sea region and a Senior Associate with the Russia and Eurasia program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington. His book can be purchased through any major bookstore.
TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “Instability in Central Asia:Scale, Scope and regional Consequences.” The conference addressed demographic trends, religious extremism, political instability and ethnic violence in Central Asia, their impact on vulnerable populations and their contribution to the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, organized crime, illicit trade and political stability in the region.
TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “Human Insecurity in West Africa: Irregular and Forced Migration, Drugs, and Arms and Human Trafficking.” The conference addressed many of the major challenges that West Africa faces including irregular/ cladestine migration, forced migration as a result of climate change and conflict, sexual and labor trafficking and the drugs and arms trade.
TraCCC hosted a Ukrainian Delegation through the Open World Program focusing on Human Trafficking. The delegation held a Panel at the International Organization for Migration office in downtown DC entitled, “Preventing Human Trafficking & Rehabilitating Survivors in Ukraine: Perspectives from Civil Society and Law Enforcement.”
TraCCC hosted a Russian Delegation through the Open World Program which focused on Environmental Crimes. The delegation held a Panel entitled, “Environmental Crimes and Resource Protection in Russia.” Anatoly Kabanets, Coordinator of Forest Projects with the World Wildlife Fund presented on “Experience in Countering Illegal Logging in Primorskii Krai.” Gennady Zherebkin, Legal Adviser for the World Wildlife Federation Russia, Amur Branch presented on, “Ecological Crime in Primorskii Krai.”
Funded by the Turkish Institute for Security and Democracy, TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “The Crime-Terror Nexus: Perspectives and Lessons Learned from International Researchers and Practicioners.” The conference presented analysis of terrorist financing and activity, based primarily on data made available from the Turkish National Police on the terrorist organization, PKK (Kurdistan Worker’s Party). Panels addressed diverse forms of terrorist financing and crime networks extending from Central Asia, through the Middle East and to Europe. Participants include high-level international officials and researchers who have studied data on the crime-terror relationship.
February 25th and 26th
Funded through TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, ” Criminal Networks, Smuggling, and WMD.” The conference addressed the problem of criminal facilitation in WMD proliferation in the United States and abroad. Speakers focused on actual cases and not hypothetical scenarios, and confirmed linkages between crime and terrorist groups were discussed and analyzed.
Louise Shelley spoke the the Panel, “Tracking Organized Crime and Terrorism in the Digital Age,” which was hosted by the International Center for Journalists todiscuss how reporters are using new technology to reveal and track networks that threaten countries around the world.Also on the Panel was Knight International Journalist Fellow, Paul Cristian Radu, aninvestigative journalist and co-founder of the Romanian Center for Investigative Journalism.Radu’s Investigative Reporting Manual entitled, “Follow the Money- A Digital Guide to Tracking Corruption,” can be found on the site.
TraCCC hosted a new Open World delegation from Russia who spoke on “Safeguarding Russia’s At-Risk Groups:Assisting Human Trafficking Victims and Programming for At-Risk Youth.”
TraCCC presented a panel of six distinguished anti-trafficking professionals and victims’ assistance providers from Ukraine to discuss “The Face of Human Trafficking in Ukraine: Assisting Victims and Diverting At-Risk Groups” as part of its Open World Leadership Program. Click here for presentations about the Vesta NGO by Inna Sabadosh, the Dovira MET Women’s Youth Organization by Maryna Shornikova, the Ministry of Family, Youth and Sports of Ukraine by Nataliya Sukhorukova, and the “Road to Life” NGO by Yana Sharun.
As part of TraCCC’s Open World Leadership Program, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) hosted a brown-bag lunch featuring a presentation by a TraCCC Open World delegate on methods of providing assistance to victims of human trafficking in Ukraine. The presentation by Olena Sichkar can be found here.
TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “Drug Flows Out of Afghanistan and Pakistan.”TraCCC’s scholars from countries along the drug route commented on the conditions that facilitate the trade from the point of origin to Western European Countries. Here are the Biographies of the Speakers, Relevant Publications, and Speaker Mahmut Cengiz Power Point Presentation.
TraCCC hosted the conference, “US Policy on Transnational Crime” which consisted of 4 panels discussing Drug Trafficking, Mexico, and US Policy, Human Smuggling and Trafficking, Why Countering Counterfeiting and Diversion Deserve More Policy Attention, and Countering Transnational Crime
TraCCC hosted “An Anti-Corruption Exchange” with a small group of officials from Southern Sudan tasked by GOSS with the establishment of southern Sudan’s first anti-corruption body and legislative framework.
TraCCC hosted a major policy talk with Mr. David Luna, Director for the Anti-Crime Programs at the Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL) Affairs in the US Department of State. The talk was largely focused on thematic threat convergence issues and the United States’ recent diplomatic efforts to combat transnational threats and dismantling threat networks.
For further information concerning the State Department’s programs and initiatives on combating transnational crime and corruption please go to http://www.state.gov/p/inl/
TraCCC hosted an event,“What Is Needed?: The Way Ahead for WMD Policy” at the School of Public Policy. This Weapons of Mass Destruction Conference discussing the theoretical and operational frameworks of the policy domestically and abroad, and what is needed for the future.
TraCCC hosted a launch for Russia’s Battle with Crime, Corruption and Terrorism, the latest book in TraCCC’s Routledge transnational crime and corruption series, with the book’s editor, Dr. Robert Orttung.
TraCCC in collaboration with the Open World Leadership Program organized an event entitled “Child Trafficking and Exploitation in Russia: Scale and Scope”, featuring four visiting law enforcement and NGO professionals from Russia who work to combat child exploitation crimes and bring its perpetrators to justice. Presenters included Mr. Vadim Kulazhnikov of the Russian Far East Law Enforcement Training Institute, Ms. Ekaterina Avdas of the Vladivostok City Foster Care Administration, Ms. Marina Ryabko of a St. Petersburg Shelter for Exploited Youth and Ms. Zinaida Malykhina, Youth Services Director of a Chelyabinsk City Vocational School.
TraCCC in collaboration with the Open World Leadership Program organized an event entitled “Rescuing Lives, Restoring Hope: Assisting Human Trafficking Victims in the Russian Federation “, featuring five visiting professionals from Russia who provide assistance to human trafficking victims. Presenters included Ms. Tamara Petrova of the Rostov Women’s Crisis Shelter, Ms. Ksenia Tuzova of the NGO “Fatima” in Tatarstan, Ms. Marina Erlikh of the Moscow-based NGO “Syostri”, Ms. Svetlana Goncharova of the Far East State University of Economics and Service, and Mr. Eduard Perepelkin of the Astrakhan-based “Oratorium” Crisis Center for Youth.
TraCCC in collaboration with the Focus on Central Asia Program organized an event entitled “Human Trafficking in Central Asia: The Case of Kyrgyzstan”, featuring four visiting professionals from Kyrgyzstan who provide victims’ assistance and influence policy to combat human trafficking. Presenters included Mr. Kanatbek Osmonov of the Osh City Migration Service, Mr. Igor Shugalskiy of the Federal Procuracy of Kyrgyzstan, Ms. Ainura Usupbekova of the NGO “Elsen” and Mr. Talaaibek Abdraimov of the NGO “Podruga”.
TraCCC organized an event entitled “Human Trafficking from Southern Russia”, featuring four visiting law enforcement officials and academics from Russia’s volatile southwestern region who work on various aspects of addressing Russia’s human trafficking problems and assisting its victims.
TraCCC hosted a book launch event entitled featuring the authors of Merchant of Death, which chronicles the inner workings of Russian arms dealer Victor Bout’s transnational arms trade organization, as well as oft-thwarted attempts by U.S. officials and international investigators to quell his operations. Douglas Farah, former Washington Post West Africa Bureau Chief, and Stephen Braun, Los Angeles Times National correspondent, discussed their exhaustive research into this case and the many questions left unanswered as to Victor Bout’s ability to avoid arrest and prosecution.
TraCCC organized an event entitled “Combating Modern-Day Slavery in Russia”, featuring four visiting Russian law enforcement officials and academics who work on various aspects of addressing Russia’s human trafficking problems and assisting its victims.
TraCCC hosted a book launch event entitled “Is Everything Coming Up Roses? Georgia’s Battle with Organized Crime and Corruption following the 2003 Revolution”. The event featured TraCCC Director Dr. Louise Shelley and former TraCCC Georgia Program Managers Erik Scott and Anthony Latta, who co-edited TraCCC’s newest volume in its Routledge Publications series entitled Organized Crime and Corruption in Georgia, which examines the most enduring aspects of organized crime and corruption in Georgia and the most important reforms since the Rose Revolution.
TraCCC hosted a presentation by Dr. Anna Jonsson, Assistant Professor, Department of Eurasian Studies, Uppsala University, and Project Director, Constitution Developments and Human Rights at the Silk Road Studies Program. Dr. Jonsson’s presentation was entitled “Fighting Human Trafficking in Northern Europe: Is Demand Reduction Feasible?”
Wednesday, April 18
TraCCC hosted Russian scholar Irina Olimpieva, who presented her recent work on informal business practices in St. Petersburg. In particular, she focused on the rise of intermediaries in cross-border trade. A working draft of her paper, co-authored by Dr. Eric Gordy, is available, as is a brief presentation paper co-authored with Oleg Pachenkov. Irina Olimpieva is a sociologist at The Center for Independent Social Research in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Tuesday, April 10
Dr. Jan Van Dijk spoke at TraCCC’s lecture on the topic, “Mafia Markers: Measuring Organized Crime and its Impact on Societies.” A short summary of the event, and a biography of Professor van Dijk, can be found here. A working draft of his latest paper has been made available.
TraCCC welcomed Bruno Schild of Brand Integrity LA&C, Philip Morris International to lecture on “Fighting Illegal Trade: A Multinational Corporation’s Perspective.” Mr. Schild’s presentation included: global issues of illicit cigarette trade; strategies and action; government cooperation; private investigation; communication programs for trade and consumers, and case studies from around the world.
TraCCC, in partnership with the Chelyabinsk NGO, Women’s Commonwealth, hosted an anti-trafficking training for local and regional law enforcement and NGO officials at the South Ural State University in Chelyabinsk, Russia on March 16-17. This training was one of ten trainings being implemented by TraCCC across Russia in early 2007 as part of a US State Department sponsored anti-trafficking program.
TraCCC-Chelyabinsk and Dr. Louise Shelley hosted a roundtable event on “Organized Crime and Corruption in the Ural Region.” The event took place at TraCCC’s Chelyabinsk Center at the South Ural State University.
Spring Speaker Series 2007
Professor Jan Van Dijk, Pieter van Vollenhoven professor in victimology and human security at Tilburg University, The Netherlands, and former officer in charge of the United Nations Crime Prevention Centre in Vienna, spoke at TraCCC about his work on international crime.
Professor van Dijk specifically discussed his work on Mafia Markers, which will be published as World of Crime: Breaking the Silence on Problems of Crime, Justice and Development in 2007 by SAGE Publishers. These markers are presented as the quantified and correlated relationships between various indices of organized crime, police performance, rule of law, and corruption. By drawing correlations among these variables, Professor van Dijk puts the measurement of organized crime on a comparative global basis, enabling researchers to more rigorously theorize the causes and effects of this form of criminal behavior. The most significant (statistically) correlations were between measures of both corruption and the rule of law (World Bank data) and the professor’s own index of organized crime. Lastly, the professor offered a critique of how organized crime has been “neglected by the development community” and correlates his organized crime index and GDP per capita to show the significant negative correlation between organized crime and wealth. He argues that it is impossible to have sustainable development without strong institutions, especially those relating to corruption and rule of law, and presents Afghanistan as a case where present-day economic growth (due to Opium production) is unsustainable due to its effect on institutions in that country.
Detectives Stack and Wiley, of the Montgomery County Police Department, presented a review of sex trafficking in DC at an event hosted by TraCCC on February 27.
TraCCC Faculty Fellow, Dr. Indira Carr, presented her ongoing research at a panel held at American University on Wednesday, February 21st.
Dr. Rasma Karklins hosted a discussion on corruption at TraCCC. Dr. Karklins also shared her latest research published in her book, The System Made Me Do It.
Members of TraCCC’s DC headquarters staff met with UNODC Goodwill Ambassador for Human Trafficking, Ms. Julia Ormond. The meeting focused on an analysis of human trafficking as a security issue. Further information on Ms. Ormond’s brief can be found on the UNODC website.
TraCCC PhD student, Carmen Apaza, received a grant from the National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan. Carmen and four other graduate students from all over the world were part of the “Global Young Elites Summit on Technology, Policy and Management”, held in Taipei from 26-30 November 2006. As part of the Young Elites, she lead a conference and presented a paper (which will be published) entitled, “Public Management Challenge: Ensuring Accountability and Controlling Corruption.”
TraCCC hosted a panel discussion with five Russian scholars participating in TraCCC’s Open World Leadership Program, on Human Trafficking in Russia: Perspectives from Law and Justice.
TraCCC held the first event of the Fall 2006 Speaker Series on Human Trafficking: ‘Combating Human Trafficking in Russia: Past, Present and Future,’ featuring five Russian scholars and moderated by Louise Shelley. The panel discussion took place on Wednesday October 11.
Bilal Wahab, a Fulbright Scholar and TraCCC student, spoke at an event focusing on Governance in Iraq. The substance of the discussion was published in the Middle East Quarterly of Fall 2006. Mr. Wahab was also recently interviewed for two radio programs dealing with Iraqi perspectives of the security situation in Iraq. A transcript of the first interview (the McNeill-Lehrer Report on 11/14/06) and streaming audio of the second (NPR’s “All Things Considered” on 11/18/06) are available.An NPR discussion of the 2006 Baker-Hamilton report on Iraq also cited an article of Mr. Wahab’s, dealing with insurgent financing. The show can be heard via streaming audio.
TraCCC sponsored an anti-trafficking trainingfor local and regional law enforcement officials in Moscow. This training is part of TraCCC’s US Department of State project to combat human trafficking in Russia.
Dr. Louise Shelley, Dr. Elena Tyuryukanova, Dr. Natalia Lopashenko and Dr. Liudmila Erokhina hosted a roundtable discussion on human trafficking at the All Russia Media Festival in Dagomys, Russia, a national conference for journalists from across the Russian Federation.
TraCCC co-sponsored a NATO Advanced Workshop on “Understanding and Responding to Terrorism: A Multi-dimensional Approach.” The workshop took place at the Capital Hilton in Washington, DC. For more information, please contact the Turkish Institute for Police Studies (TIPS) at email@example.com.
TraCCC Director Louise Shelley, together with Dr Irina Ivakhnyuk (Senior Researcher and Deputy Director, Population Department, Faculty of Economics, Moscow State Lomonosov University) and Ambassador Mary Ann Peters (Associate Director for International Liaison, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies) hosted a Geneva Center for Security Policy (GCSP) Public Discussion on ‘Transnational Security: Threats and Responses’ in Geneva, Switzerland.
The Transnational Crime and Corruption Center at American University and the Nizhny Novgorod Linguistic University held an Advanced Research Workshop on the topic of “Anti-Terrorist Strategies: Comparing the Experiences of the U.S., Great Britain, France, Turkey, and Russia.”
TraCCC hosted a delegation from Iraq’s Commission for Public Integrity, who held two weeks of meetings and addressed an audience at AU. Pictures from that event are available here; Matthew Getty of AU University Publications’ report on the event can also be viewed on that page.CPI is Iraq’s leading anti-corruption agency. It is a fully independent, non-sectarian entity responsible for enforcing anti-corruption laws, proposing additional legislation to combat corruption, and heightening the Iraqi people’s demand for honest government through public relations campaigns and educational initiatives.
TraCCC hosted a discussion with Dr. Jim Jacobs, whose book, Mobsters, Unions & Feds: The Mafia and the American Labor Movement (New York University Press, 2006), deals with organized crime’s century-long infiltration and exploitation of American unions and their pension/welfare plans, as well as the federal law enforcement’s extraordinary 20 year-long effort to remedy the situation by means of court supervised union and pension fund trusteeships achieved through civil RICO litigation.
TraCCC cohosted a half-day conference with CERES on security threats to Russia. The conference featured two panel discussions. The first focused on organized crime, terrorism, and the Russian government’s fight against those elements. Prof. Mark Galeotti (Rutgers University) moderated the panel; Prof. Louise Shelley (American University, TraCCC) discussed nuclear smuggling and the processes that facilitate it, Prof. Robert Orttung (American University, TraCCC) discussed possible organized crime and terrorist links in Siberia, and Nabi Abdullaev (Moscow Times) examined the implications of Russia’s antiterrorism strategy on civil liberties.The second panel focused on political and energy security and was moderated by Prof. Angela Stent (Georgetown, CERES). Rich Herold (BP), and Thane Gustafson (Georgetown) shared their knowledge on how Russia’s energy policies are affecting European and Russian security. Carina Stachetti (French Ministry of Defense) discussed energy security as part of the overall assessment of Russian security policy.Following lunch, Mary B. Warlick (Director, Office of Russian Affairs, U.S. Department of State) gave a keynote speech on the U.S.-Russia relations in the G-8.
TraCCC hosted a brown-bag lunch featuring TraCCC affiliate Saltanat Sulaimanova, who discussed Kyrgyz migrants in the United States.
TraCCC hosted a brown-bag lunch featuring TraCCC affiliate Dr. Phillis Dininio and TraCCC Project Director Dr. Robert Orttung on corruption in the education sector.
TraCCC hosted a brown-bag seminar with TraCCC Visiting Scholar from Seoul, Korea, Hyungsok Kwak, on methods of reducing corruption by assessing corruption measurement.
TraCCC hosted a brown-bag seminar with TraCCC Faculty Fellow Dr. Raymond June on anti-corruption initiatives in the Czech Republic.
Spring Speaker Series 2006
Dr. Vladimir Papava’s discussed his book Necroeconomics: The Political Economy of Post-Communist Capitalism.
Dr Jay Albanese of the National Institute of Justice discussed researching the crime-terror nexus.
Dr. Marc Sageman, author of Understanding Terror Networks, joined American University’s School of International Service Assistant Professor Patrick Jackson and TraCCC Director Professor Louise Shelley to discuss the social network organization of crime and terror groups. The event was summarized in an article in the American Weekly.
TraCCC held the first of its discussion group on issues of corruption for 2006. Talaibek Koichumanov, a visiting scholar at the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute at SAIS, discussed his research. A report on the event is available for download.
TraCCC researchers Nabi Abdullaev and Simon Saradzhyan presented Trade-offs between security and Civil Liberties in Russia’s War on Terror: Four Regional Case Studies at the Moscow Carnegie Center, to an audience of government officials, journalists, and local academics. The authors warned that Russia was increasing the threat of terrorism by cracking down on civil liberties. They drew on case study analysis of four key regions in Russia: Chechnya, Dagestan, Moscow, and St. Petersburg. The report provoked a lively discussion of how Russia can do a better job in implementing its efforts to address the growing terrorist threat.
TraCCC hosted a round-table discussion on corruption and governance in higher education that was followed by a question and answer session. Prof. Louise Shelley, TraCCC founder/director and SIS professor, moderated the panel.Prof. Ethan Burger (TraCCC legal advisor and adjunct professor at American University’s Washington College of Law) discussed recent American University events in the context of corporate malfeasance seen since 2001. Prof. Burger discussed the corporatization of American universities, specifically the role of shareholders, who, in a business environment would expect profit, versus stakeholders, the entire community that is affected by the institution. Prof. Burger also explained how corruption and quickly sweep through an institution when the institution does not maintain oversight over corporate officers. This move towards a business structure without oversight could have been a major cause of the Ladner affair. Together, these issues should result in the university reexamining the role of the Board of Trustees.Prof. Peter Lewis of American University discussed cronyism in institutions, both public and private. Specifically, the recent events at American University echo events at Adelphi University, Tyco, and the United Way. In each of these cases the board of trustees approved compensation for officers out of line with the officers’ experience and the organizations’ size. Again, these cases were brought about by a lack of transparency and accountability. Prof. Lewis specifically pointed out that cronyism, that is, when the chief executive or president appoints his friends or those who will not question his actions, on the board. Lack of accountability nearly always results in insider dealing. AU must reexamine the structures and rules that govern the Board of Trustees.Jason Terry, American University Master’s degree student, discussed his recent experiences as a student representative on the Board of Trustees of his undergraduate institution following a restructuring of the university by its president to promote transparency in local and university communication. Mr. Terry pointed out that the university was overwhelmingly supportive of the changes, as a lack of communication and perceived accountability had separated the board and previous administration from the students. Moreover, this lack of communication prevented students from receiving the assistance they needed from administrators. The reforms initiated by the new president opened community between the student body and university administration. Mr. Terry said that the transparency gave students not only the ability to influence decisions, but the responsibility to become more involved in the daily affairs of the university.During the question and answer session, each of the round-table speakers pointed that the solution to American University’s current problem are threefold: Better auditing, an independent board of trustees, and a president that is accountable to the university community. This scale of the problem within the university administration is demonstrated by the need for outside investigators to look into the practices with the Board of Trustees and President’s office. The scope of inquiry needs to be widened from looking at only the actions of the Board of Trustees and President to the underlying problems that allowed their actions to move so far away from what the university expects from them.
TraCCC hosted a conference entitled ‘From Revolution to Reform: Law and Its Practice in Russia and the CIS’, which brought together key decision makers from the public and private sectors to celebrate the scholarship and service of American University’s School of International Service alumnus William E. Butler (BA, ’61) who recently returned to the United States after 35 years in London and Moscow, and to examine critical developments in Russia’s legal, political, and economic life.
TraCCC’s Saratov Center hosted its academic seminar entitled ‘Criminal Trade in Weapons: Current Trends and Ways of Combating.’ The seminar participants included prominent scholars and junior legal professionals from across Russia, as well as law-enforcement officials from Saratov and Samara oblast. The seminar sessions were attended by students of various departments of the Saratov Law Academy. Following the sessions, a group of prominent legal specialists and practitioners gathered as a working group to discuss new legislative projects and other salient issues of transnational crime and corruption in the Saratov region and across the Russian Federation.Also, TraCCC’s Georgia Office organized a conference on the “Reform of Law Enforcement Structures and Its Impact on Fighting Crime in Georgia”. The conference was held at Tbilisi State University.Finally, TRACCC and ABA-CEELI hosted a joint event on “Crime and Corruption Related to Migration in Russian Megalopolises: Comparative Analysis of Moscow and St. Petersburg Patterns” in Moscow. TraCCC presentations were made by Elena Tiuriukanova, Louise Shelley, and Liudmila Erokhina.
On September 3
Dr. Louise Shelley participated in a plenary on “Criminal Justice Reform in Central and Eastern Europe,” at the European Society of Criminology Annual Conference in Kracow, Poland. Other speakers included Abdrzej Siemaszko (Institute of Administration of Justice and Warsaw University, Warsaw, Poland) and Helena Valkova (University of Plzen, Czech Republic).
On September 2
TraCCC hosted a panel at the European Society of Criminology Annual Conference in Kracow, Poland, entitled “Russia and Georgia: Internal Policies and Organized Crime Problems that Pose a Threat to European Union Member States.” The panel was chaired by Dr. Louise Shelley. Other participants and areas of research included:
- Alexander Salagaev (Center for Analytical Studies and Research) “Market for Illegitimate Services in Russian Law Enforcement Agencies.”
- Vasiliy Valuev (Rus-Expert Transit) “Ties Between Big Business and the Military-Industrial Complex: Implications for Security.”
- Bulat Fatkulin (Chelyabinsk State University, Russia) “Drug-Trade Along the Russia-Kazakhstan Border and its Implications for Europe.”
- Alexander Kupatadze (American University’s Transnational Crime and Corruption Center – Georgia Office, Georgia) “Smuggling in, from and through Georgia: Threats to Europe.”
TraCCC visiting scholar-in-residence, Fiammetta Borgia, presented her research on “The Role of Disclosure in Corporate Governance.” The event took place at 4:00pm in the Mary Graydon Center, Room 245, on the American University Main Campus.
A symposium entitled “A View of the Problem of Corruption in the Russian Arbitrazh Court System” took place at the Kennan Institute on Tuesday, May 31 2005, 12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m., presented by TraCCC’s Ethan Burger, Scholar-in-Residence, School of International Service, and Adjunct Associate Professor, Washington College of Law, American University. For more information, visit the Kennan Institute website.
TraCCC’s Saratov Center for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption held its third annual Summer School for Junior-Level Law Professors and Legal Practitioners on the theme of “Contemporary Types of Organized Crime: Analysis, Trends and Issues of Combating.” About 60 young scholars and practitioners from 19 regions of the Russian Federation as well as Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan participated in the event. More information on the Summer School schedule and panels is available (in Russian) at the Saratov Center website.
TraCCC’s Saratov Center for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption held its Annual International Conference entitled “Issues of Combating the Criminal Redistribution of Property.” The conference attendees included policymakers, scholars and practitioners from 20 regions of the Russian Federation as well as from the U.S., Italy, Georgia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.
TraCCC hosted Tony Krone, a computer crime researcher from Australia, for a presentation on “Recent evidence of East European connections in identity crime in Australia,” and “The role of the Australian High Tech Crime Centre in combatting high tech crime in Australia.” Mr. Krone is currently working on a joint project between the Australian Institute of Criminology and the Australian High Tech Crime Centre.
TraCCC co-organized a conference of chapter writers for the forthcoming book “Russian Business Power: The Role of Russian Business in Foreign and Security Relations,” at the Center for Security Studies of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.
TraCCC Doctoral Fellow, Christopher Corpora defended his dissertation entitled “Connections, Conundrums, and Criminality: Understanding Local Perceptions About and Attitudes Toward Organized Crime and Corruption in Bosnia and Herzegovina”. Louise Shelley, Dissertation Chair, Julie Mertus, and Maryann Cusimano Love comprised the examination panel.
TraCCC and the Hajji Baba Society presented “Drugs, Bugs, Thugs, and Rugs,” in the Mary Graydon Center of the American University Main Campus. The presentation was given by Dr Louise Shelley and Andrew Weber, a special advisor for Threat Reduction Policy at the Pentagon whose efforts to combat biological weapons are featured in the book Germsby J. Miller, S. Engelberg, and W. Broad. Both are members of the International Hajji Baba Society. Their professional activities require them to travel frequently to the former Soviet Union, where they keep meeting in rug shops.In this talk they described their adventures hunting carpets between encounters with some very colorful characters. They explained how a knowledge of rugs helps both in combating some of the serious challenges to western civilization and in making new friends. They also showed a few examples of the rugs and textiles still available in the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Dr. Louise Shelley gave a lecture on “Fighting Transnational Crime” to the Cleveland Committee on Foreign Relations (CCFR), a membership organization of leading business and legal professionals within the Cleveland Council on World Affairs (CCWA).
TraCCC authors Dr. Louise Shelley, Dr. Sally Stoecker, Dr. Beatrix Siman Zakhari, and Olga Pishulina presented a panel discussion in promotion of their book Human Traffic and Transnational Crime: Eurasian and American Perspectives (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005). The event was held in the Butler Board Room on the American University Main Campus.Human Traffic and Transnational Crime, brings together TraCCC-sponsored American, Ukrainian and Russian scholars to provide the first in-depth, scholarly study of human trafficking in and from Russia and Ukraine. Using case materials, interviews and field research they address the motivations, perceptions and reactions to this contemporary form of human slavery in their countries.
TraCCC sponsored an event at American University entitled, “After the Election: Insights on Recent Events in Ukraine.” Presentations were made by Olga Pishulina, visiting Fulbright Scholar to TraCCC who works at the National Institute for Strategic Studies in Kyiv, and Dr. Viktor Dryomin, Director of the TraCCC Regional Research Center on Organized Crime in Odessa, and Chair of the Criminology Department at the National Legal Academy in Odessa.”Ukrainian Elections: Our Expectations and Our Fears” (MS PPT)”The Impact of Organized Crime and Corruption on the Political and Legal Situation in Ukraine” (MS PPT)
Jongsoon Jin, PhD candidate in public administration at American University, defended his dissertation, entitled “Corruption and the Time Horizon of Politicians.”
TraCCC hosted a book signing eventfor Human Traffic and Transnational Crime: Eurasian and American Perspectives edited by D. Sally Stoecker and Dr. Louise Shelley (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield) at the Trover Book Shop, 221 Pennsylvania Ave. SE Washington D.C. 20003.
Also in December
TraCCC co-sponsored a conference with Freedom House entitled “Corruption in Russia and the Challenge of Terrorism”, at 1201 Connecticut Avenue, N. W., Washington, D.C.